Paris by bike

April 2019.

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Panthéon (3)

After the principal level and the crypt, before going to the upper level (terrace), look at Panthéon from outside first.

Panthéon

The upper level which has a lot of columns, where the visitors can go.

“Aux grands hommes, la patrie reconnaissante” (To the great men, the grateful homeland)

An additional fee was paid in order to go up to the terrace.

went with a group and the guide opened the gate for us
there were few more steps to go to the terrace
town hall of 5th arrondissement paris on the left
arrived at the upper level/terrace
looking paris at 360°
paris
columns

April 2019.

Panthéon (2)

I separate the Panthéon in 3 parts: the principal level; the crypt and the upper level.

Here’s the crypt: tombs of the eminent personalities interred who shaped France’s national identity.

Amongst them, there are:
Voltaire (Writer, philosopher 1694 – 1778)
Rousseau (Writer, philosopher 1712 – 1778)
Victor Hugo (Poet, novelist, dramatist 1802 – 1885)
Alexandre Dumas père (Novelist, dramatist 1802 – 1870)
Emile Zola (Novelist, journalist 1840 – 1902)
Marie Curie (Chemist 1867 – 1934)
Simone Veil (Politician, lawyer 1927 – 2017)
… …
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (Writer, poet, journalist, aviator 1900 – 1944)

Voltaire
Rousseau

Alexandre Dumas père, Victor Hugo and Emile Zola were rested in the same room.

Marie Curie
Where Simone Veil rested with her husband and two others French famous personalities

Simone Veil pushed forward two notable laws. The first, passed on 4 December 1974, facilitated access to contraception, the second, passed on 17 January 1975, legalized abortion in France.

Antoine de St Exupery

As Antoine de Saint Exupery dramatically vanished without a trace in a fly mission, he was not interred, but has a plaque in the principal level of Pantheon. We all know his “Le Petit Prince”.

The aviator and writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry was honored  December 13, 2016, at the Pantheon, where a commemorative plaque is dedicated to the author who disappeared in the crash of his plane in the Mediterranean Sea, July 31, 1944. In the presence Ministers of Defense and Culture, it was also an opportunity to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the French edition of the “Little Prince”, the most widely read and translated French literary work in the world after the Bible.

April 2019.

Panthéon (1)

The Panthéon is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris. It was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and to house the reliquary châsse containing her relics but, after many changes, now functions as a secular mausoleum containing the remains of distinguished French citizens.

There are 3 parts can be visited: the principal level (church), under level (crypt) and the upper level (terrace).

Here’s the principal level, decorated with paintings on canvas marouflé illustrating the life of Saint Geneviève and the epic story of the beginnings of both Christianity and the monarchy in France.

principal level looking from the upper level
principal level
central dome
ceiling
paintings
national convention
Foucault pendulum

The Foucault’s pendulum first installed inside Panthéon in 1851 and removed then reinstalled in 1995, this device demonstrated the Earth’s rotation.

April 2019.