The Petit Trianon and the Hamlet – Versailles (5)

One and a half kilometre from the Versailles Castle, there is the “countryside”, Le Domaine de Marie-Antionette, The Petit Trianon and its park also a farm.  Marie-Antoinette got The  Petit Trianon as a present in 1774 from Louis XVI, in 1783  she  ordered the construction of her hamlet, not far from the Petit Trianon.

“The Petit Trianon and its park are indissociably linked to the memory of Queen Marie-Antoinette. She is the only queen to have imposed her personal taste on Versailles. Sweeping away the old court and its traditions, she insisted on living as she wished. In her Trianon domain, which Louis XVI gave her in 1774, she found the heaven of privacy that enabled her to escape from the rigours of court etiquette. Nobody could come there without her invitation.”

“Marie-Antoinette ordered the construction of her hamlet in 1783. There, she regularly found the charms of country life, surrounded by her lady’s companions. It became a veritable farm, directed by a farmer, whose products supplied the kitchens of the Palace” Marie-Antoinette’s estate

Photos taken on July 2012.

安放广州(7) – 旷野山庄立园

立园位于广东著名侨乡开平塘口镇北义乡赓华村,是已故旅美华侨谢维立先生创建于二十世纪初的花园别墅。建园历时十载,全部工程于1936年告竣。该园以《红楼梦》中描绘的大观园为依托,对中国园林古典建筑艺术兼收并蓄,并对欧美当时流行的别墅建筑特色加以融会贯通,达到中西合璧之化境,从而拥有“小观园”的美誉。立园的意境是“小桥、流水、人家”,园内布局为大花园、小花园和别墅区三个区域,彼此以人工河或围墙分隔,又用桥亭或通天回廊连成一体。”

那天一早出发,上午看自力村,下午来到立园已有倦意。旅游还是慢点好,看少点记多点,收获更多。由于晚上要回广州,立园没有一整天看不过来,所以照片没拍几张。

立园总体的感觉是新,后来才知立园在上世纪50年代起就被当时任中南局书记的陶铸保护,文革时期亦未受破坏。园主在30年代建园后只住了三年就因战争返美,人去园空因此荒芜,之后立园由政府代管,产权仍归园主。可惜在装修过程中将一些原有的旧东西清除过多,申请世界文化遗产时未被通过。

旷野之地建了一个这样的庄园,不要说那时,就是今天也气派非常。

立园别墅。

谢维立为爱花的二姨太建的花藤亭。水泥通花结构,亭上还有花冠。只是伊人无福消受,19岁就魂归四海,空使花亭有冠无皇。

花园运河边的晚香亭。

悒翠亭。

花园回廊的花盆。据说做这些花盆的师傅都是专从景德镇请过来的。

立园有很多“鹤顶格”对联,现在参观立园也可以用自己的名字让人写一幅“鹤顶格”的诗并书。同去的朋友有此意,我就想趁机多看花园,写诗作书至少得大半个小时吧。谁知立园后人有急才,十几分钟一切妥当,且只收区区100元。作品样子如下。